外语教育网
您的位置:外语教育网 > 考试英语 > 专四专八 > 经典题库 正文
  • 站内搜索:

英语专业四级考试阅读模拟试题十

2012-12-13 09:35

【导语】:外语教育网为同学们整理了英语专四考试的相关资料,一起来学习吧O(∩_∩)O~

At the age of twelve years, the human body is at its most vigorous. It has yet to reach its full size and strength, and its owner his or her full intelligence; but at this age the likelihood of death is least. Earlier, we were infants and young children, and consequently more vulnerable; later, we shall undergo a progressive loss of our vigor and resistance which, though imperceptible at first, will finally become so steep that we can live no longer, however well we look after ourselves, and however well society, and our doctors, look after us.

This decline in vigor with the passing of time is called ageing. It is one of the most unpleasant discoveries which we all make that we must decline in this way, that if we escape wars, accidents and disease we shall eventually "die of old age", and that this happens at a rate which differs little from person to person, so that there are heavy odds in favor of our dying between the ages of sixty-five and eighty. Some of us will die sooner, a few will live longer--on into a ninth or tenth decade. But the chances are against it, and there is a virtual limit on how long we can hope to remain alive, however lucky and robust we are.

Normal people tend to forget this process unless and until they are reminded of it. We are so familiar with the fact that man ages, that people have for years assumed that the process of losing vigor with time, of becoming more likely to die the older we get, was something self-evident, like the cooling of a hot kettle or the wearing-out of a pair of shoes. They have also assumed that all animals, and probably other organisms such as trees, or even the universe itself, must in the nature of things "wear out".

Most animals we commonly observe do in fact age as we do, if given the chance to live long enough; and mechanical systems like a wound watch, or the sun, do in fact an out of energy in accordance with the second law of thermodynamics (热力学) (whether the whole universe does so is a moot point at present). But these are not analogous to what happens when man ages. A run-down watch is still a watch and can be rewound. An old watch, by contrast, becomes so worn and unreliable that it eventually is not worth mending. But a watch could never repair itself--it does not consist of living parts, only of metal, which wears away by friction. We could,at one time, repair ourselves--well enough, at least, to overcome all but the most instantly fatal illnesses and accidents. Between twelve and eighty years we gradually lose this power; an illness which at twelve would knock us over, at eighty can knock us out, and into our grave. If we could stay as vigorous as we are at twelve, it would take about 700 years for half of us to die, and another 700 for the survivors to be reduced by half again.

1. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

A. Our first twelve years represent the peak of human development.

B. People usually are unhappy when reminded of ageing.

C. Normally only a few of us can live to the eighties and nineties.

D. People are usually less likely to die at twelve years old.

2. The word "it" in the last sentence of Paragraph Two refers to

A. remaining alive until 65.

B. remaining alive after 80.

C. dying before 65 or after 80.

D. dying between 65 and 80.

3. What is ageing?

A. It is usually a phenomenon of dying at an old age.

B. It is a fact that people cannot live any longer.

C. It is a gradual loss of vigor and resistance.

D. It is a phase when people are easily attacked by illness.

4. What do the examples of watch show?

A. Normally people are quite familiar with the ageing process.

B. All animals and other organisms undergo the ageing process.

C. The law of thermodynamics functions in the ageing process.

D. Human's ageing process is different from that of mechanisms.

5. Which of the following best fits the style of this passage?

A. Argumentation.

B. Exposition.

C. Narration.

D. Description.

【文章概要】

本文围绕“衰老”这一话题展开叙述。首段指出人体生命力变化的抛物线趋势,12岁最为旺盛;第2-3段讲到了人类衰老的不可抗拒性;最后一段以例证说明人类和手表等机械装置的“衰老”过程有较大的区别。

相关热词:专四 专八 考试英语
考试英语系列辅导课程
赵文通资深学位英语辅导专家,深谙命题方向及重点、难点……详情>>
赵文通:学位英语考试辅导名师
冉老师北京大学博士,知名高校教师,雅思权威辅导专家……详情>>
冉老师:雅思考试辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@cdeledu.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371

沙龙365国际手机版 福州市| 千阳县| 清丰县| 崇义县| 长丰县| 米易县| 泸定县| 庐江县| 元阳县| 赣州市| 扶绥县| 屏东县| 安图县| 吴江市| 繁昌县| 姚安县| 康保县| 钟祥市| 乐业县| 江油市| 新巴尔虎右旗| 宜宾县| 虎林市| 淮阳县| 扶风县| 老河口市| 乐都县| 尤溪县| 准格尔旗| 阿瓦提县| 福贡县| 宜兰县| 东安县| 黄龙县| 资源县| 东丰县| 兴宁市| 新乐市| 如皋市| 太仓市| 隆回县| 江城| 商丘市| 福清市| 石首市| 理塘县| 沂水县| 彭州市| 梓潼县| 东乌珠穆沁旗| 韶关市| 长春市| 平潭县| 南投县| 司法| 镇康县| 百色市| 屏边| 太湖县| 佛学| 合江县| 甘南县| 晋中市| 新邵县| 江华| 南安市| 平远县| 沁阳市| 常山县| 响水县| 图们市| 屏南县| 卢龙县| 贵港市| 扬中市| 保山市| 八宿县| 类乌齐县| 临沧市| 萨嘎县| 阿坝| 西华县| 图片| 玉溪市| 贺州市| 天峨县| 新营市| 永城市| 永善县| 香河县| 义马市| 炉霍县| 新密市| 田阳县| 东乡县| 达拉特旗| 河西区| 德州市| 开化县| 肃宁县| 武清区| 百色市| 潮安县| 明星| 滨海县| 林芝县| 永善县| 兴国县| 霍邱县| 苏州市| 军事| 正定县| 永新县| 武乡县| 新源县| 杭州市| 广昌县| 临洮县| 大同县| 互助| 陆丰市| 泸州市| 怀远县| 鹿泉市| 揭东县| 阿城市| 绥棱县| 南江县| 娱乐| 千阳县| 孙吴县| 海淀区| 吐鲁番市| 胶州市| 平遥县| 于都县| 高邮市|